On these pages you can read more about the Eurasier, Breed Classification, History and Health issues as well as about international organisation of eurasierbreeding.
The Story of a Special Breed
The development of the Eurasier breed is unique and differs quite a bit from the origins of most other dog breeds.
Most dog breeds developed randomly or through regional development. By choosing specific breeds over others, specific appearance or behavior was favored and promoted.
The Eurasier however is a fairly recent breed that originates from the deliberate mixture of already existing breeds. Although the breed is said to be a crossover of the breeds Wolfspitz, Chow-Chow and Samoyed, the term “mixture” would be more appropriate, since it is the same type of breed, the Spitz.
There are many famous and well- known personalities related to the Eurasian breed.
Konrad Lorenz, born in Vienna in 1903, Prof. Dr. med und Dr. phil, can be considered the godfather of behavioral sciences/ research. Many recognized terms such as “imprinting” and “cuteness” originate from him.
In 1949 he wrote the book: “Er redet mal mit dem Vieh, den Vögeln und den Fischen” (English version: “ King Solomon’s Ring”). A chapter of this book, “The Covenant” is dedicated to the dog. In this chapter Lorenz differentiates between two types of dogs: Dogs of the Nordic type and dogs of the working type. He speculated that the Nordic dogs descend directly from the wolf, whereas the working dogs increasingly have Gold Jackal blood in them. Today we know that the dog exclusively descends from the wolf. However the interesting aspect is the difference between the two types of dogs; the Nordic and working type.
Lorenz describes the Nordic type to be “ friend to death, but never a slave”, never submissive despite endless loyalty, with inner noblesse. The working type he describes as a dog, which “always keeps his youthful dependence and devotion”, a dog that confides in every stranger and a dog that gladly comes when he is called.
He saw the advantages of both types and would have gladly seen them be united.
Through the accidental mating of his male shepherd dog with a Chow -Chow female, a female dog “Stasi” was born, which he decided to keep. Surprisingly “Stasi” mainly portrayed the good quality of both breeds. In 1950 Konrad Lorenz’ book “Man Meets Dog” was released, THE book about dogs. The most essential elementary knowledge on dogs is comprised in this book, and in the 70’s Horst Stern wrote, that you could basically get rid of all other dog books, the most crucial cynological knowledge is comprised within this book. In this book Lorenz also focused on the special traits of the Shepherd-Chow mixture “Stasi”, traits that match the desired characteristics of the Eurasier.
When Konrad Lorenz met the Wolf-Chow mix (Wolfspitz & Chow-Chow) “Lotus von Jägerhof”, which belonged to his doctoral Werner Schmidt, he was thrilled. She strongly reminded him of his dog “Stasi”. Werner Schmidt was introduced to the Wolf-Chow through the works of the cynologist Eberhardt Trumler and shortly after this in 1970 he bought his Wolf-Chow from the breeder Charlotte Baldamus of the kennel “von Jägerhof”. In 1972 Konrad Lorenz also bought himself a Wolf-Chow mix from Charlotte Baldamus’ kennel as well, which he named “Babette”. He later described that dog to have the best character he has ever come across in a dog. He even placed her above his loved “Stasi”. He was however not fully satisfied with her appearance. He thought the dog to have a corkscrew tail and thought its butt to be “cute and funny” but not appropriate for a dog that should resemble the wolf. Konrad Lorenz would have liked a bit of Husky blood bred into this breed.
Another well-known person, who got a Eurasier out of pure enthusiasm, was the wolf researcher Dr. Eric Zimen. He supported the Eurasier breed by giving presentations and good advice on it.
The Founder of the Breed Eurasier
Julius Wipfel (1919-2002) was a big dog lover and was already fascinated by the Nordic sled dogs at an early age. After the war he found such a “sled dog type” in the animal shelter, he named him "Der Kanadier" (“The Canadian”) due to that he was probably left behind by Canadian troops.
The Canadian immediately felt at home with his new family, the Wipfels. Julius Wipfel loved his unique intelligence and fascinating personality, had to however realize that the dog could show dangerous behavior towards strangers. After the Canadian died, the Wipfel family looked for a worthy successor. They got the Wolfspitz ”Bella” She was a far more pleasant dog than the Canadian, however not comparable. This created the wish to have a dog with the amazing qualities of both the “Canadian” and “Bella”. Since this kind of dog did not exist yet, Mrs Elfride Wipfel expressed the thought: “ Why don’t we breed a dog for ourselves, that resembles both the Canadian and our Bella.” Julius Wipfel has always been interested in canine literature and scientific research based on this breed. So he came across the literature of Konrad Lorenz and his description of the shepherd-chow mix “Stasi”. Julius Wipfel was strongly influenced by Konrad Lorenz’ works.
Julius Wipfel was pondering about the back and interbreeding of the origin of the dog.
In 1960 he set the following breeding goal: human friendly, polar dog typical, natural and with appealing coat colors.
Soon he started to consider breeding plans, which are still valid today:
- central breeding steering and monitoring through experienced persons
- breeding use according to set criteria of type, health and behavior
- central puppy placement to ensure a good home for the puppies
- life long commitment of the breeders towards their dogs
In 1960 Julius Wipfel received the first Wolf-Chow litter, the B-litter “von der Bergstrasse” of the Wolfspitz female “Bella von der Waldemühle” with the Chow male “Aroko vom Felsensteig”. In 1962 the C- litter followed with the same mother and the Chow male “Igor vom Kwy-Chu-Florian”
The formation of the new dog breed initially started with 4 Wolfspitz female dogs and 3 Chow-Chow male dogs. The plan was it to systematically breed the 7 dogs with eachother.
Bella von der Waldmühle
And her three daughters
Annet von der Bergstrasse
Asta von der Bergstrasse
Anka von der Bergstrasse
Chow chow males:
Aroco vom Felsenstein, red
Ko-San-Lo Pollo-Pong, red
Igor von Kwy-Chu-Florian, black
Unfortunately, not everything worked out as it was intended. There were fewer litters than expected and Mendel’s laws were not always met. A true breeding line, which was originally planned, was therefore not possible.
Charlotte Baldamus took over “Asta von der Bergstrasse”. In her kennel “vom Jägerhof”, Mrs. Baldamus, in agreement with Julius Wipfel, set the ground stone of the Eurasier breed with the help of inbreeding, but her steady hand and acquired skill. Her animals shortly matched the ideal image in respect to appearance and behavior. “ There is hardly a Eurasian that does not carry the Jägerhof blood”
In 1964 Julius Wipfel had the idea to breed the Samoyed into the Wolf-Chow. However this idea was only realized in 1972 with the Samoyed dog “Cito von Pol”, when inbreeding problems arised. Despite all precautions there were problems with Hip dysplasia and viciousness and due to the high inbreeding pressure, the fertility declined. The inbreeding depression also caused malformations and an increased mortality with puppies.
Distribution of the Breeding Base
Various measures were taken:
- 2 new original pairing:
- 1972 A Chow-Chow female with a Wolfspitz male, their offspring
“v. Stechersee” are found in many pedigrees
- 1976 A Chow-Chow male with a Wolfspitz female, this new line
was finished because of many HD problems
- The breeding with the Samoyed Cito von Pol
- The breeding with the Chow male “Darius v. Schrattenbach” with a
daughter of the breeding of “Cito von Pol” and the Wolfchow female
“Lotus vom Jägerhof”
The offspring of these matings were human friendlier, did however loose their polite reserved attitude of the Jägerhof dogs. The appearance of these dogs turned more elegant and polar dog typical.
Not all mating tries led to instant successful results.
The inbreeding however could massively be reduced. Mixing in the Samoyed greatly contributed to the improvements.
The Samoyed “Cito von Pol” was used to breed 8x between the time of 1972 to 1977. 4x in the kennel “vom Stechersee” and once in the kennels “vom Römerturm”, “vom Birkenbruch”, “vom Urdbrunnen” and “vom Hasenleiser”
(here with a chow-female).
On the 4.4.1973 the name of the breed Wolf-Chow was changed to Eurasier and was approved by the FCI and VDH. The name had to be changed due to complaints from the official representatives of the breeds Chow-Chow and Wolfspitz.
In 1983 the Wolfspitz “Arpad von der Surheide” was crossed into the breed, after which the breeding mainly continued in the “von der Hohen Steinert” kennel
In 1984 the basebreed was resorted back to, to enlarge the breeding base. The Chow-Chow male “Herold vom Geisterhaus” was bred with the Wolfspitz “Molly vom Salzberg”
Between 1981 and 1985 another Wolfspitz male was used, however his offspring portrayed a lot of cases of HD and therefore breeding did not continue
In 1986 a crossing of a Chow male and a Samoyed female took place. This breed was stopped after two generations.
In 2003 the Wolfspitz „Dino von Albuch“ was bred with the Eurasier „Ipsy von der kleinen Blaike“. One continues to breed with dogs of the N-litter „von der kleinen Blaike“
In 2012 the Wolfspitz „Chico von der Seekoppel“ was crossed with the Eurasien female „Adina Ashanti von der Grafschaft Sayn“. The dogs of this A-litter are supposed to continue being bred.
In 2012 the Samoyed Kiowa of Whitline Kriskellas was crossed with the Gandairika vom Braulshof (Grandfather was the Wolfspitz “Dino von Albuch”, B- litter in the kennel „vom Wolfsland“) and with “Buffy vom Ölsbachtal” D-litter “von der Eschenburg”).
It will continue to be vital to crossbreed further dogs into this breed to ensure a healthy base breed. Health and behavior are absolute priority in the Eurasier breed, before any kind of appearance ideals. The consequence of that being a unification of the breed, which is seen to be happening in other breeds, will not take place to the same extent. An aspect, that makes the breed even more interesting.
Development of the Clubs
In 1960 Julius Wipfel founded the “Kynologische Zuchtgemeinschaft für Wolf-
In 1971 this was renamed to “Deutscher Zuchtclub für Wolf–Chow-Hunde e.V”
In 1973 it was renamed to “Eurasier- Kluv e.V. Sitz Weinheim” EKW
In 1973 Mrs Baldamus founded “Zuchtgemeinschaft für Eurasier” ZG
In 1978 Julius Wipfel founded the “Kynologische Zuchtgemeinschaft für Eurasier
In 1986 the first Eurasier seminar of the Eurasierclubs of Germany, Austria and
Switzerland was held. The clubs all work together in favor of the Eurasien breed.
In 1996 the international federation for Eurasierbreeding IFEZ was founded
In 2005 a cooperation agreement was set between the IFEZ with the FCI,
IFEZ becomes World Union for Eurasiers of the FCI
There were various Eurasier clubs founded in Switzerland and Austria, Finnland and Netherland which all still follow the ideas of breeding that Julius Wipfel set. Then followed Eurasier clubs in other countries , which partly do not all follow this same breeding strategy.
* 50 Jahre Eurasierzucht, Jubiläumsschrift 2010
* Eurasier-heute, Annelie Feder, Kynos Verlag, 2000
* Ursprung und Geschichte des Eurasiers, Alfred Müller,Oktober 2003 :
(Download: Geschichte des Eurasiers)
Nordic Group for Eurasier Health design: OnnemRessiv