On these pages you can read more about the Eurasier, Breed Classification, History and Health issues as well as about international organisation of eurasierbreeding.
Despite the relatively small breeding basis compared to other breeds, the Eurasier is, due to strictly controlled breeding, a healthy breed if compared to other dog breeds.
All diseases and any health information that deviates from the norm are being collected and registered to research if these conditions could have been prevented through specific breed planning. Sicknesses can occur in every individual and must not necessarily be hereditary. The database of the IFEZ (International Federation for Eurasier Breeding) contains the characteristics and health conditions of more than 23,000 Eurasiers. One might get the impression that many illnesses occur in the Eurasier breed compared to other breeds. However, where no information is gathered and registered a completely wrong picture suggests itself. Not knowing about health conditions does not prevent sickness!
And the age of 15 to 17 years that many Eurasiers reach speaks for itself.
The member clubs of the IFEZ (International Federation for Eurasier Breeding) requires health checks before any Eurasier receives breeding permission. In most of the clubs a behavior test is required as well.
In Germany, the country of origin of the Eurasier, there are continuous efforts to increase the genetic pool of the Eurasiers (-> breeding). It is achieved through incrossing of the initial breeds, the Wolfspitz and the Samoyed (-> History). The requirements for the dogs used in these inbreeding projects are very high. To date, healthy Chow Chows of good breed stock which could be used for incrossing, could, unfortunately, not be found.
The health checks are being conducted at the earliest at an age of 12 months, better, however, at the age of 15 months.
The veterinarian (who needs a license to do hip and elbow x-rays) must, at least, perform the following examinations:
Prior to anesthesia:
- Examination of the PL (patellar luxation)
- Determination of the weight and height at the withers
- Evaluation of the eyes concerning entropium and ectropium
- X-rays of the hips and the elbows
- Examination of the teeth, the dental structure and the bite
- Examination of the eyes concerning distichiasis.
Blood for the thyroid panel (T4, fT4, TSH and TgAA values should be included) can be drawn before or under anesthesia.
Despite other opionions, any veterinarian can determine the presence of distichiae with a good light source and a good magnifying glass, but many countries stipulate a complete eyescreening of a specialist for breeding dogs.
And If a registration of the patella results f.ex. on the NKK Dogweb is desired, the veterinarian must also be specifically certified for patellar evaluations.
Ask the NGEH-representative of your country about the rules in your country.
The NGEH Health and Properties form will help the veterinarian to remember all the items he must examine. Before your veterinary visit check off all items which can already be examined at this particular age and where your veterinarian can/must assist you.
The owner makes an appointment with his veterinarian for hip and elbow x-rays and notifies him that other health data will have to be evaluated. That is important for the amount of time the veterinarian will block for the visit. Don’t forget to take along all documents and the original pedigree. You can download the forms for the x-ray examinations from the homepage of the NKK and can pay ahead of time which really speeds up the administration and evaluation.
A light anesthesia is necessary (do not feed the dog) which hardly ever causes any problems any more due to the latest narcotics. Generally, the dog walks out of the practice after the x-rays, maybe still a little wobbly but fully conscious.A longer walk, however, should be avoided at that time. Best is to stay with the dog until he is under anesthesia while completing the Health and Property form as precisely as possible. The veterinarian will have to ask a couple
of questions to complete the form. Our Eurasiers can throw quite a tantrum if they are just being dropped off at the veterinarian. They like it if the owner „holds his hand“.
To make a reliable assessment that puppies will most likely be healthy, the breeding value of every dog will be calculated with the help of a special program for the specific conditions.The more dogs are examined, the more reliable the calculations will be. The information on the parents is not sufficient. Information on the data of as many ancestors, siblings and offspring, no matter if they are used for breeding or not, increases the accuracy of the assessment.
It is, however, not only important for breeding that a health check is being done. This check will also give the owner information how healthy his dog is and if he can do agility or other sports activities. If the owner knows about a possible problem, often the early development of the issue can be avoided through early detection.
Nordic Group for Eurasier Health design: OnnemRessiv